Utilidad de menopause rating scale (mrs) en indígenas colombianas en climaterio
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Monterrosa-Castro, Álvaro, Paternina-Caicedo, Ángel J., Herazo-Acevedo, E., Oviedo-Acevedo, H. C., & Campo Arias, A. (2017). Utilidad de menopause rating scale (mrs) en indígenas colombianas en climaterio. Duazary, 14(1), 8–15. https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.1737

Resumen

La Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) se compone teóricamente de tres dimensiones que evalúan síntomas somáticos, emocionales y urogenitales relacionados con la menopausia. La utilidad de las escalas varía según las características poblacionales y no se cuenta con investigaciones que corroboren estas dimensiones en población indígena. El objetivo fue evaluar la utilidad de las dimensiones y confiabilidad de MRS en indígenas colombianas. Se realizó análisis del patrón de respuesta de MRS en 914 mujeres indígenas, 507 posmenopáusicas y 407 premenopáusicas, entre 40-60 años, media 50,3 años (DE=5,9). Se estimó alfa de Cronbach para las dimensiones originales y para las que emergieron en el análisis factorial mediante el método de máxima verosimilitud y rotación oblicua promax. MRS mostró alfa de Cronbach: 0,86; la dimensión somática 0,63, la psicológica 0,75 y la urogenital 0,84. La puntuación fue significativamente superior en posmenopáusicas que premenopausia 14,4 (DE=6,4) vs. 8,4 (DE=5,9) p<0,001. El análisis de factores identificó dos factores; el primero que dio cuenta del 39,9% de la varianza (ítem 1,7,8,9,10,11) y el segundo del 14,2% (ítem 2,3,4,5,6). La primera dimensión tuvo alfa de Cronbach 0,86; y la segunda 0,81. MRS presentó alta consistencia interna, adecuada validez nomológica y dos dimensiones. Es necesario corroborar el desempeño de los instrumentos en diferentes poblaciones.

Palabras clave

Menopause, Health of Indigenous Peoples, Climacteric, Quality of life Menopausia, Salud de Poblaciones Indígenas, Climaterio, Calidad de vida
https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.1737
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