Probable trastorno de ansiedad generalizada en la pandemia COVID-19: valoración en médicos generales del Caribe colombiano
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Monterrosa-Castro, Álvaro ., Buelvas-de-la-Rosa, C. ., & Ordosgoitia-Parra, E. . (2021). Probable trastorno de ansiedad generalizada en la pandemia COVID-19: valoración en médicos generales del Caribe colombiano. Duazary, 18(1), 7–19. https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.3890

Resumen

La pandemia del COVID-19 es la más reciente en la historia de la humanidad, caracterizada por elevadas implicaciones en términos de mortalidad, morbilidad física y psicológica. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar pensamientos, percepciones, sentimientos, subjetividades y actuaciones con referencia al desempeño médico y la pandemia del COVID-19, así como estimar su asociación con probables trastornos de ansiedad generalizada [TAG]. Se realizó un estudio transversal en médicos generales del Caribe colombiano, por medio de invitación y participación electrónica para diligenciar un formulario que contenía características sociodemográficas y 41 interrogantes sobre pensamientos, sentimientos, percepciones, subjetividades o actuaciones relacionadas con el COVID-19, tomadas de una lluvia de ideas sobre pandemias y salud mental. Se aplicó Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item Scale [GAD-7] para identificar probable TAG. Se realizó regresión logística no ajustada. Participaron 294 médicos generales, 59,6% femeninas, el 83% laboraba en capitales de departamentos. El 38,4% presentó TAG y más de la mitad manifestó temor al COVID-19. A la presencia de TAG se asociaron los síntomas: estrés, nerviosismo, temor, cansancio, síntomas virales, incomodidad con respecto a la pandemia, decepción laboral y percepción de discriminación. A menor presencia de TAG se asociaron.

Palabras clave

trastornos de ansiedad, ansiedad de desempeño, miedo, estrés psicológico, infecciones por coronavirus, médicos generales Anxiety Disorders, Performance Anxiety, Fear, Psychological Stress, Coronavirus Infections, General Practitioners
https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.3890
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