Dispareunia en mujeres después de parto vaginal. Prevalencia en dos clínicas de Armenia, Colombia, 2012-2017
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Espitia-De La Hoz, F. J. . (2021). Dispareunia en mujeres después de parto vaginal. Prevalencia en dos clínicas de Armenia, Colombia, 2012-2017. Duazary, 18(1), 32–44. https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.3887

Resumen

Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal que tuvo como objetivo determinar la prevalencia de la dispareunia en mujeres con parto vaginal, evaluar posibles factores de riesgo y la asociación con la episiotomía. Ingresaron mujeres atendidas por parto vaginal entre 2012 y 2017 en dos clínicas de alta complejidad en Armenia (Colombia). Se utilizó el cuestionario Índice de Función Sexual Femenina (IFFS-6) para evaluar la función sexual. Los resultados reportan una prevalencia de dispareunia del 59,37%, siendo más prevalente en mujeres sometidas a episiotomía (OR: 68,17; IC95 %: 60,57-79,15). Respecto a la asociación de la episiotomía con la presencia de dispareunia se encontró asociación significativa con la episiotomía medio-lateral (OR: 8,17; IC95%: 2,15-56,32), lesión del esfínter (OR: 7,32; IC95%: 4,86-12,75) y dehiscencia de la sutura (OR: 6,48; IC95%: 4,92-14,28). Se observaron como factores de riesgo: antecedente de endometriosis (OR: 11,6; IC95 %: 9,15-17,52), dolor pélvico crónico (OR: 3,56; IC95%: 2,21–6,32) e ITS (OR: 2,67; IC95%: 1,54–5,14), p=0,003). Se concluye que la prevalencia de dispareunia en mujeres con parto vaginal, atendidas en Armenia, varía en función de la realización de episiotomía, asociándose tanto a las complicaciones de esta como a otros antecedentes.

Palabras clave

dispareunia, prevalencia, parto normal, mujeres, episiotomía Dyspareunia, Prevalence, Natural Childbirth, Women, Episiotomy
https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.3887
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