Empatía y percepción del riesgo del cambio climático en estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud
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Salazar-Ceballos, A., & Álvarez-Miño, L. (2020). Empatía y percepción del riesgo del cambio climático en estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud . Duazary, 17(3), 10 - 24. https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.3317

Resumen

Para determinar el aumento de los niveles de empatía y percepción del riesgo del cambio climático en estudiantes universitarios de la salud se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental. La intervención fue una estrategia educativa. Se seleccionaron por conveniencia dos grupos de estudiantes de ciencias de la salud. Los niveles de empatía se midieron con la Escala de Empatía Médica de Jefferson versión estudiantes y de la Encuesta de percepción sobre riesgo al cambio climático como una amenaza para la salud humana se midieron dos ítems: índice de percepción de riesgo y conocimiento sobre los efectos en la salud por causa del cambio climático. Se encontraron diferencias entre pre y post-test (p < 0,05). En el pre-test ambos grupos presentaron niveles de empatía altos con un promedio de 107. Para el post-test, el grupo experimental, presentó un aumento estadísticamente significativo en los niveles de empatía. Se establecieron correlaciones significativas entre empatía global y factores de empatía: cuidado con compasión y toma de perspectiva; y correlación significativa entre el factor de empatía Cuidado con compasión y Conocimiento sobre los efectos en la salud por el cambio climático. Este trabajo evidenció como una estrategia educativa puede fomentar la empatía en estudiantes de la salud.

Palabras clave

cambio climático, salud pública, empatía, estudiantes del área de la salud, estudios controlados antes y después
https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.3317
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