Trastornos por consumo de sustancias: entre las inequidades y el estigma

Palabras clave: Trastornos relacionados con sustancias, condiciones sociales, inequidad social, estigma social, revisión

Resumen

Las personas que reúnen criterios para trastornos por consumo de sustancias (TCS) con frecuencia son víctimas del complejo estigma-discriminación (CED), no sólo por parte de la sociedad general, sino también por profesionales de la salud y la presencia de autoestigma. No obstante, la relación de los TCS con factores biológicos predisponentes y condiciones sociales adversas se considera que estos son ‘autoinducidos’. Asimismo, se conoce que en los TCS se presentan cambios biológicos, psicológicos o del desarrollo que menoscaban la decisión de abandono y la persistencia en el consumo, a pesar de las consecuencias negativas físicas, emocionales y sociales. El CED relacionado con el TCS es un estresor que deteriora aún más la calidad de vida de las personas consumidoras y, al mismo tiempo, se configura como una barrera de acceso a servicios de salud. Es necesario diseñar e investigar la efectividad de estrategias para reducir el CED relacionado con TCS en diferentes poblaciones y contextos.

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Publicado
2019-02-20
Cómo citar
Cassiani-Miranda, C. A., Campo-Arias, A., & Herazo, E. (2019). Trastornos por consumo de sustancias: entre las inequidades y el estigma. Duazary, 16(2). https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.2751
Sección
Artículo de revisión