Utilidad de menopause rating scale (mrs) en indígenas colombianas en climaterio

Álvaro Monterrosa-Castro, Ángel José Paternina-Caicedo, Edwin Herazo-Acevedo, Heidi Celina Oviedo-Acevedo, Adalberto Campo Arias

Resumen


La Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) se compone teóricamente de tres dimensiones que evalúan síntomas somáticos, emocionales y urogenitales relacionados con la menopausia. La utilidad de las escalas varía según las características poblacionales y no se cuenta con investigaciones que corroboren estas dimensiones en población indígena. El objetivo fue evaluar la utilidad de las dimensiones y confiabilidad de MRS en indígenas colombianas. Se realizó análisis del patrón de respuesta de MRS en 914 mujeres indígenas, 507 posmenopáusicas y 407 premenopáusicas, entre 40-60 años, media 50,3 años (DE=5,9). Se estimó alfa de Cronbach para las dimensiones originales y para las que emergieron en el análisis factorial mediante el método de máxima verosimilitud y rotación oblicua promax. MRS mostró alfa de Cronbach: 0,86; la dimensión somática 0,63, la psicológica 0,75 y la urogenital 0,84. La puntuación fue significativamente superior en posmenopáusicas que premenopausia 14,4 (DE=6,4) vs. 8,4 (DE=5,9) p<0,001. El análisis de factores identificó dos factores; el primero que dio cuenta del 39,9% de la varianza (ítem 1,7,8,9,10,11) y el segundo del 14,2% (ítem 2,3,4,5,6). La primera dimensión tuvo alfa de Cronbach 0,86; y la segunda 0,81. MRS presentó alta consistencia interna, adecuada validez nomológica y dos dimensiones. Es necesario corroborar el desempeño de los instrumentos en diferentes poblaciones.


Palabras clave


Menopausia; Salud de Poblaciones Indígenas; Climaterio; Calidad de vida

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.1737

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