Actividad física en Diabetes Mellitus tipo II, un elemento terapéutico eficaz: revisión del impacto clínico

  • Pedro Iván Arias-Vázquez Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco
Palabras clave: Actividad Física, Ejercicio Físico, Diabetes Mellitus

Resumen

Se realizó una revisión en bases de datos (PubMed, PEDro) de estudios tipo ensayo clínico,  tipo cohorte, revisiones sistemáticas, meta análisis y guías de práctica clínica basadas en evidencia que hubieran estudiado los beneficios que tiene la actividad física en la prevención, tratamiento y disminución del riesgo de presentar complicaciones y muerte en pacientes con Diabetes Mellitus Tipo II. La realización de actividad física de forma regular se asoció con la  disminución del riesgo de desarrollar Diabetes Mellitus; de igual manera se asoció a disminución en los valores porcentuales de Hemoglobina glucosilada A1C. Los pacientes diabéticos que realizan altos niveles de actividad física presentaron disminución del riesgo de presentar complicaciones y muerte por enfermedad cardiovascular y por cualquier causa. En la actualidad la evidencia científica sobre el impacto de la actividad física en la prevención y tratamiento de la Diabetes Mellitus es sólida, por lo que se debe enfatizar promoción de la actividad física como parte fundamental de los esquemas terapéuticos para dicha enfermedad.

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Biografía del autor/a

Pedro Iván Arias-Vázquez, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco
Profesor Investigador. Departamento de Rehabilitación de la Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Tabasco, División Académica MultidisciplinariaComalcalco. Médico. Especialista en Medicina de Rehabilitación y en Medicina del Deporte. Máster en Actividad Física y Salud. Comalcalco Tabasco

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Publicado
2015-07-22
Cómo citar
Arias-Vázquez, P. I. (2015). Actividad física en Diabetes Mellitus tipo II, un elemento terapéutico eficaz: revisión del impacto clínico. Duazary, 12(2), 147 - 156. https://doi.org/10.21676/2389783X.1472
Sección
Artículo de revisión

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